Alitalia (IATA Code: AZ, ICAO: AZA) is the national airline of Italy. These airlines serve domestic and international flights from its center at the International Airport Leonardo Da Vinci, Rome. Alitalia joined the SkyTeam airline alliance.
Alitalia was founded on September 16, 1946 with the full name Aerolinee Italiane Internazionali. The operation begins with the first flight between Rome and Turin on May 5, 1947, and then transporting over 10,000 passengers in that year. The first international flight on Alitalia begins next year with flights between Milan and cities in South America. On October 31, 1957, Alitalia joined Aeree Linee Italiane and use the name Linee Aeree Alitalia Italiane. Starting from September 2004, Alitalia hit by various problems (mainly financial problems).
First, the management said it was not enough funds to pay the workers after the month’s salary. Therefore, there was a plan for laying off 5000 employees and split into two companies, airlines and ground service. On 24 September, Alitalia made a deal with unions for a loan from the Italian government. The airline managed to save themselves from bankruptcy.
After that, the airline is fined by Italy’s antitrust agency of 30,000 euros for misleading consumers by advertising a round-trip flight but showed only a one-way fares on its website in December 2005. Then, the European Commission conducted an investigation regarding the plan to restructure Alitalia Italy to ensure that the airline did not get an illegal subsidy. This recapitalization plan, including massive layoffs, has been held in the spring of 2006.