Royal Airlines (KLM, common English word: KLM Royal Dutch Airlines) is the national airline of the Netherlands. Home port’s Schiphol Airport near Amsterdam. KLM is a global carrier and forms the core of KLM Group, which includes KLM Cityhopper, transavia.com and Martinair part. In 2004, KLM merged with Air France Air France-KLM holding company. The holding both KLM and Air France operate as network airlines. KLM achieves its revenue from three core businesses, namely transport of passengers, cargo and aircraft maintenance.
On Tuesday, October 7, 1919, the “Royal Aeronautical Society for the Netherlands and Colonies” by deed in the notary office of Mr. H. Stoop in The Hague. The initial capital of 1.2 million guilders was provided by eight businessmen, including Fentener Frits van Vlissingen. The lieutenant-pilot Albert Plesman administrator and later became director. Queen Wilhelmina granted the royal society in setting the predicate. This makes KLM the oldest operating under its original name airline.
The first commercial flight (between London and Amsterdam) on KLM on May 17, 1920 was performed. When landed at Schiphol by KLM leased ‘De Havilland DH G-16 EALU ‘(or DH 9A) flown by British pilots H. “Jerry” Shaw. In subsequent years the fleet grew to own aircraft, many of Fokker aircraft, and was flown to more European destinations.
KLM flew on 1 October 1924 for the first time to Batavia in the then Dutch East Indies, present-day Jakarta in Indonesia. It was the longest scheduled before the Second World War. During this period grew from KLM to the third company in the world after Pan American Airways and Imperial Airways. The beginning of the war put an end to its growth and society was largely to a standstill. In 1945, after World War II, resumed its scheduled KLM and KLM started in 1946 as the first European airline services to the United States. The flight to India was restored and was flown classic aircraft like the Dakota and Lockheed Constellation.