This can be traced the history of the airline since 1929, when the airline started operations Aeroposta Argentina. Argentine government, which realized the vast area of Argentina and the need for rapid transport network and is able to connect the big cities and small towns, then set up an airline to carry passengers and mail. Two purposes are served by Mendoza and Posadas. Frenchman Jean Mermoz and Antoine de Saint-Exupéry is the first pilots in the airline.
In May 1949, all airlines are joined under the name Aerolineas Argentinas. The operation began on December 7, 1950. At that time, Argentina did not have adequate airport facilities, so that Juan Perón government building Ministro Pistarini Airport; General Juan Pistarini, who then used his name to this facility, designing and directing its development.
People key to the growth of this airline is Alfonso Aliaga García, and Dirk Wessel Van Layden, who ever becoming a pilot for the French airline Aéropostale (not related to Aeroposta) and influential in improving standards of aviation.
In June 2010, Aerolineas Argentinas launched a new feature to create a more modern image of the airline. This new mode of combining the colors of the flag of Argentina blue and yellow sun. The airline subsidiary Austral also got the new picture. using the same style with Aerolineas Argentinas, Austral difference obtained from the red line showing the difference of the two airlines