In 1929 the construction of vehicles began with the production of 24000 units of cars and trucks from Ford. For the record up to 1933 models were produced by Ford and Ford-A-AA. KIM was named GAZ stands for Fabbrica Automobile State in the name of the Communist Youth International.
The cars were marked as GAZ-AA and GAZ. In 1939 it became independent and took the name of breaking away from the branch KIM GAZ. Produced was the KIM-10 (medium-sized car), who subsequently was offered the convertible version called KIM-10-52: 4 doors, 3 volumes. In 1941 it was transformed for the production of weapons needed to support the Second World War.
After the war, the Soviet Union bought all the production lines of the Opel factory in Brandenburg. The name given to the factory was MZMA (Moskovsky Zavod Malolitrazhnykh Automobile, Compact Car Factory in Moscow) and you have restarted production in 1947 with the model based on the Opel Kadett Moskvich 400. Moskvich 400were produced in the van and convertible versions, and there was a first modernization in 1954.
The 401 version, built in 1945 was instead based on the Opel Kadett K38 when it was already out of production 5 years ago. For the building was purchased the entire business plan: some 56 trains of material. It was 1074 cc, 4 cylinder in-lines capable of delivering 26horsepower and reaching 90 km / h. was replaced by 402.